if it won't turn on, it can't recharge. You'll have to get some cables to charge it enough to start it.
A properly working gasoline engine car only recharges the battery WHILE you DRIVE.
If the alternator is OK the battery will take about 12 hours... I know I used to take my battery out of my care every night and put it on charge because I couldn't afford to replace it!
about 20 minutes running will do it.