Yeah, that last one.
I like the Mahatma Gandhi quote, "The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated." :-)
If that were so most countries would be in the dock. So, no. It's international, and has spread to countries like China, sadly. It's the way of thinking and economics imho needs to be judged, but not the societies themselves.
Should be evaluated (NOT judged) by how it takes care of entirety
Both. Both are valid citezens.
The last one of course.