Which should have been easy to solve?
1. One billion people lack access to health care systems.
2. Over 7.5 million children under the age of 5 die from malnutrition and mostly preventable diseases, each year.
3. 1.6 million people still die from pneumococcal diseases every year, making it the number one vaccine-preventable cause of death worldwide. More than half of the victims are children. (The pneumococcus is a bacterium that causes serious infections like meningitis, pneumonia and sepsis. In developing countries, even half of those children who receive medical treatment will die. Every second surviving child will have some kind of disability.)
4. AIDS/HIV has spread rapidly. UNAIDS estimates for 2008 that there are roughly:
-33.4 million living with HIV
-2.7 million new infections of HIV
-2 million deaths from AIDS