The subtext of your question sounds like this is specific to the Palestinian Territories/Israel conflict. This is complicated. Horribly complicated and the history goes back to the end fo WWI (well before, really, but bear with me) and about western interventionism in the middle east.
But if we look at what's happening right now... well then who is responsible for what? Why they're fighting in the first place? Read a history book because it's a long story.
Most loss of life? Israel.
Most damage to infrastructure? Israel.
Most attempts to block a permanent, peaceful situation? Israel.
What people don't get is that Gaza is occupied territory. A hostile force controls the borders. The quality of life inside is atrocious. Extreme circumstances breeds extreme behaviour and so groups like Hamas rise up and do what they can to end the occupation. Lobbing rockets is stupid, it won't work, but they're desperate. Also, the rockets SUCK. Look up some videos of those things exploding.
Meanwhile, if one Israel dies, Israel sends in the troops and kills hundreds of civilians. Men, women, children - doesn't matter. Everyone dies. Israel have what is probably the best military in the world. They have the keys to peace. They are using their power to slaughter the people they're already oppressing.
To use a somewhat extremist metaphor, it's like pinning a puppy to the ground with your foot on its neck. And when it bites you, you kill its entire family. Hamas are no puppy, but that's the difference in power we're talking here.
I blame the islamic states in the region. They have historically been opposed to any progress and seem to favor the 7th century over the 21st. There were no democracies in the region before Israel was founded and as of today only Iraq has joined the list of democracies. I believe the muslim states are afraid that if their own populations see how much better Israeli democracy works, the tyrants will be overthrown so the tyrants use antisemitism to inflame their ignorant populations.
I blame Hitler
Correction without Hitler there wouldn't be Isreal 2 electric boogaloo
Fine then I blame God.
But the Balfour Declaration still faced opposition by many people ...Hitler help convert the world to the idea that the Jewish people deserved/needed a homeland within Palestine.
During World War I, the Zionist cause gained some degree of support from Great Britain. In a 1917 letter from British foreign secretary Lord Balfour to Jewish financier Lord Rothschild, the British government expressed a commitment to creating a Jewish homeland in Palestine. This letter is commonly known as the Balfour Declaration. Unfortunately, the British were speaking out of both sides of their mouth, simultaneously promising Arabs their freedom if they helped to defeat the Ottoman Empire, which at that time controlled most of the Middle East (including the modern states of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq, as well as significant portions of Saudi Arabia and northern Africa). The British promised the Arabs that they would limit Jewish settlement in Palestine mere months after the Balfour Declaration expressed support for "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people."
The Holocaust brought the need for a Jewish homeland into sharp focus for both Jews and for the rest of the world. The Jews who tried to flee Nazi Germany were often turned back due to immigration limitations at the borders of every country, including the United States, Britain and Palestine. Many of those who were sent back to Germany ended up in death camps where they were systematically murdered.
Bingo that is the correct answer, smartest thing i heard yet
Yes, land is the issue, but it's Religious Beliefs why both sides claim ownership of the same land. It's a no-win situation unless such beliefs can be set aside for ever.
Oh really? how would you act if Mexico or Canada had drones over you country, build huge walls around your border, kept you in like pigs, walking in your country when they please, shooting family's dead, ransacking houses, stealing land? eh, how would you react ? i would slaughter as many of them as i can, The Zionists do not belong in Israel. Israel will have its day, "you can't fool all of the people, all of the time"
Great answer. Radical Zionists are largely responsible.
Minorities on both sides. I bet if you put it to a popular vote, "do you want the borders to stay as they are if it means all the fighting stops for good", the majority in both countries would sign up in an instant.
The problem is brinksmanship. You can decide if YOUR side stops fighting, but you can't stop the other side from fighting without fighting back yourself. That's what all these peace treaties are supposed to do. But peace is a one day at a time thing; it's never going to be "achieved", it's just possible that it can pick up some momentum and become easier to maintain. As long as no-one attacks anyone and collapses the whole thing.
I don't know. Hamas do worse things, no doubt, but it seems to me that Israel as a wealthy developed nation should be held to a higher standard. The nature of their "retaliation" (didn't the current spate of violence start with their assassinating a Hamas leader?) is disproportionate, and continued despite the heavy loss of civilian life. In fact if I were going to be really cynical, the goal for both sides seems to be maximising Palestinian civilian deaths and blaming it on the other lot, hoping to discredit them.