Animal Testing


Animal Testing; Unnecessary, Cruel, and Inhumane


            Every year in the United States it is estimated that one hundred and fifteen million  animals are experimented on and killed in laboratories (“Animal testing 101”). A wide range of animals are tested on every day from mice, rats, rabbits, to dogs, cats, and monkeys. Animals are tested for various reasons with testing methods such as,  injecting them with chemicals and drugs, force feeding them various ingredients, isolating babies from their mother to view the emotional effects, and operating on them to see how high amounts of a substance effect the animal’s body. With no choice American tax payers and consumers pay for the continuation of this cruel and inhumane treatment for the power lies in the government’s hands. As revealed by private investigators and reporters, Universities throughout the United States, food companies for animals and humans, and cosmetic companies have all displayed the worst treatment of these defenseless animals for experimentation. Laboratory animals are treated as if they are products to make other products better and scientific research more accurate, when the truth is that animals feel just as much pain and have as many emotions as humans do. Animal tests are incomparable to humans, result in unnecessary death, and do not benefit the consumer; therefore should be handled by means of product protest.

The United States Government contributes to the continuation of research centers which receive millions to conduct extremely cruel experiments. In an article in the fall edition of PETA’s Animal Times, undercover PETA investigators discover what really goes on in one of the many research centers paid for by U.S. taxpayers.  Receiving thirty three million dollars to conduct experiments, the Oregon National Primate Center, “conducts cruel experiments in which monkeys are forced to drink alcohol; fed nothing but lard and beef tallow, and butter; and impregnated and then injected with nicotine to induce birth defects in their unborn babies” (“Scandal at Oregon national Primate Research Center”). While spending four months at the research center, investigators also witnessed monkeys being made to suffer from extreme weight loss in order to observe physical and mental effects (“Scandal at Oregon national Primate Research Center”). United States citizens have no true control of where our tax money is used and spent and are involuntarily contributing to these inhumane experiments. Many of this research centers experiments have already been conducted in the past, for example, scientists have already known, “…the adverse effects of alcoholism, maternal deprivation, obesity and smoking for years” (“Scandal at Oregon national Primate Research Center”).  The government’s support of the Oregon National Primate Research Center and other animal testing research centers prove to be an extremely cruel way to waste taxpayer’s money.

In all of its irony, dog and cat food manufacturers conduct experiments on dogs and cats no different than the ones in homes across the country. Among the many pet food companies, Iams continues to display disturbing treatment of the dogs and cats in their laboratory. PETA investigators worked undercover for ten months at the Sinclair Research Center. Throughout the process, the investigators videotape revealed, “Dogs had gone crazy because they were confined to barren steel cages and cement cells, dogs were left piled on a filthy paint-chipped floor after chunks of muscle had been hacked from their thighs, dogs were surgically debarked, and horribly sick dogs and cats were neglected and left in cages to suffer without any veterinary care. Footage shows that Iams representatives toured the facility and witnessed dogs who were circling in their cells and sweltering in the summer heat (“Animals Still Suffer at Iams”). After being charged a fee for violating the Animal Welfare act, Iams was given the option of an alerternative method, “… ‘in-home’ studies have been shown to work and have strong scientific support, as shown by the successful PetSci  program, which was developed by Dr. Charles Abramso and Dr. Timothy Bowser of Oklahoma State University” (“Animals Still Suffer at Iams”). Iams continues to conduct unnecessary research on dogs and cats when an alternative method is present. This evidence caught on tape clearly depicts the cruelty and suffering these animals are going through to make dog and cat food ‘healthier’, despite the opportunity to put hundreds of dogs and cats out of misery.

           Cosmetic companies have displayed some of the worst treatment of animals to test various products such as shampoo, soaps, sunscreen, cleaning products, and a rejuvenating chemical known as Botox.  Botox, one of the most powerful toxins, is injected into mice in order to test the products potency where the amount that they are exposed to usually kills them. An article posted on The Humane Society of the United States website explains a test known as the ‘Lethal Dose 50 Percent’, “This test involves giving mice a single injection of the product into their abdomen and seeing if animals die within 3-4 days. The mice are first assigned to one of various dose groups; each group will receive a different concentration of the product in order to estimate which strength will kill half of the targeted group” (“Dark Side of Beauty: BOTOX Kills Animals”). As suggested by Gilbert Gaul, a staff writer of the Washington Post, Congress put together a panel to create non-animal tests for Botox and over the past twelve years, only four of one hundred and eighty-five tests conducted were approved. Europe developed a similar panel and approved thirty-four alternative testing methods of the one hundred and seventy possibilities (“In U.S., Few Alternatives to Testing on Animals”). The United States government clearly did not put enough energy and effort into developing alternative testing methods.  Botox is a product that only temporarily reduces wrinkles, yet millions of animals are killed for temporary feelings of rejuvenation and youthfulness.

           Animal testing proves to be unnecessary for many are not required by law, and experiment results are incomparable to humans. In the efforts to study the effects of chocolate on the human body, Mars Inc. conducts experiments on mice, rats, rabbits, and guinea pigs which ultimately  result in the animals’ death. In the summer edition of PETA’s Animal Times, undercover investigators witness deadly experiments at The University of California San Francisco which were funded by the creator of M&M’s, Snickers, Twix, Dove, Skittles, Starbursts, etc. Although the experiments’ are not required by law, baby mice are submerged in cold water for five hours to view how chocolate effects metabolism, and rats are force-fed chocolate and then cut open to view the effects of chocolate on their blood vessels by observing the animals exposed arteries which were clamped to block blood flow (“Mars Kills Mice and Rats”). This company is carrying out experiments to study scientific facts that have been known by scientists for years and need no further investigation. None of the experiments carried out by the maker of many of the most popular candies are not necessary or required and do not improve the quality of the candy or make the candy any healthier.

The opposition may argue that animal testing is necessary to ensure a product or medication’s safety. Gordon Edlin and Eric Golanty authors of the ninth edition of Health and Wellness, mention that when someone invents or discovers a chemical it is first tested on laboratory animals (“The FDA and You”). Animals have been proven to be physically different than humans. Even different species of the same animal react differently when exposed to the same chemical.  Alix Fano explains how different species of rats develop different illnesses to the same chemicals in an article featured in The Ecologist, “…N2-fluorenylacetamide has caused bladder cancer in male and female Slonaker rats, liver cancer in males, and breast cancer in female Wistar rats, and intestinal cancer in male and female Piebald rats. Benzidine has caused bladder cancer in humans and dogs, liver and mammary tumors in rats” (“Beastly Practices”). Different species of rats develop completely different cancers when exposed to the same chemical, therefore, tests conducted on animals to research effects of drugs or products on humans prove to be inaccurate and are wasteful. Furthermore, “…laboratory animals do not have anything like the same biology as humans. Yet although animal toxicity tests have never been scientifically validated to determine whether they can effectively predict toxicity for humans…” (“Beastly Practices”). For this reason, animal testing is not a valid tool in reaching a conclusion on how a drug or product may or may not affect a human.

In order to persuade companies to seek alternative methods, consumers can create change through product protest and by purchasing cruelty free products.  Not all animal tested  products can be avoided for many medications’ are first tested on animals, but choosing not to buy from companies who are known to test on animals can push the company to make changes in order to gain customers back. If enough consumers choose not to buy particular products because of the companies’ treatment of animals, the company will have to seek alternatives, make compromises, and follow through with an agreement to gain back customers. If at first pushing a few companies to use alternative methods, their competition may lose customers and follow in the footsteps of their competitors. By choosing to buy animal friendly products, millions of animals can experience a long and fulfilling life instead of a short life in pain and misery. If consumers switch to cruelty free products it will stimulate business and consumers to produce and purchase more cruelty free products and with more products available the consumer becomes more conscious of the need to illuminate animal testing.

Although animals are not considered human, they too feel psychological and physical pain and suffering. Like humans animals develop their own personalities, develop relationships, and protect their young just as humans do. Millions of animals are cheated a life in order to further research a scientific study on human reactions or to make various products better when animal’s symptoms and reactions cannot be compared to humans. Many scientific experiments funded by the government or corporations need no further research and are a waste of taxpayer’s money. The experiments result in no further development on the subjects or theories that are being tested. Causing animals to develop diseases, physical abnormalities, psychological trauma, death, etc. is a form of animal cruelty and should not go unnoticed just because we do not physically see what goes on in Universities and laboratories across the United States. Consumers and taxpayers can take a stand by choosing to buy products that are not tested on animals, for animals deserve to live just as much as humans do.

chilichick39 chilichick39
1 Response Jul 25, 2009

And we protect the human foetus......................