Macbeth Essay.

Guilty Conscience
Reading the play Macbeth showed how much danger you put your self into because of the guilt’s. The greatest conflict in Macbeth is not external; it is Macbeth’s internal struggle with his conscience. This is demonstrated in Macbeth’s dagger soliloquy, in his imagined hearing of voices, and his hallucination of Banquo’s ghost.
In Act two, scene one, the floating dagger in Macbeth’s soliloquy is a figment of his imagination with which he convinces himself to kill Duncan. He questions him self whether the dagger is real or not, and even try’s to clutch the dagger. In an attempt to prove his sanity Macbeth ironically proves his internal instability when he speaks to the dagger and says, “Come let me clutch thee. / I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.” (2.1.41-42). Attempting to clutch the dagger Macbeth try’s to prove it’s tangibility, but instead, his attempt reveals his internal struggle. By imagining the dagger he questions his visions that he still sees the dagger but he can’t hold it. This shows that the dagger is just an illusion or manifestation of Macbeth’s mind. Also, Macbeth continues to ponder the reality of the dagger by asking, “Or art thou but / dagger of the mind, a false creation?” (2.1.44-45). Even though he is acknowledging the possibility of the dagger being fake he continues to believe its existence.
When seeing the dagger, Macbeth comments on its position; “The handle toward my hand” (2.1. 41). Since the dagger’s handle is facing Macbeth, he feels that the dagger
is choosing him. The blade pointing at Duncan’s room foreshadows death, and is a
Symbol of Macbeth desire. Macbeth, by claiming, “Thou marshall’st me the way that I was going; / and such an instrument I was to use” (2.1.49-50), reveals that the dagger is promoting “bloody business” (2.1.55) and is tempting him to kill Duncan. His internal struggle is more powerful then his external struggle because it feels like Macbeth’s mind is constantly hallucinating. Macbeth’s sanity is questioned because not only does he speak to himself and imagine fake daggers, but he uses these illusions to kill Duncan.
After Duncan’s death, Macbeth’s conscience in Act two, scene two powerfully affects him as he begins to hear non existent voices which turn him into a guilty and paranoid murderer. Macbeth’s internal struggle continues to become more powerful as his sanity is further complicated. When he claims, “Methought, I heard a voice cry, “sleep no more!” (2.2.44), Macbeth is complaining about this voice that is persistently haunting him. The word “Methought” is suggesting that his sanity continues to be incredible because of his lack of reliability at this point in the play. The word “I heard” is indicating that Macbeth’s thought that he heard someone whispering and advising him that he has done wrong when really no one talked to him; it is just his manifestation getting worse. In this scene Macbeth is worried to sleep after Duncan’s murder. Macbeth is intently guilty after few seconds killing Duncan, also the voice that is talking to him is saying you killed Duncan so now you cannot sleep. Macbeth’s status as king is very low right now. Since he killed the king Macbeth’s mind will keep worrying and stressing that’s why he cannot sleep “Glamis hath murder’d sleep: therefore Cawdor shall sleep no more” (2.2.55-56).
Finally the manifestation of Macbeth’s guilt is ultimately shown when he sees the ghost of Banquo at the banquet. At the banquet in Act three scenes four Macbeth welcomes his guests. While preparing the drinks, one of the murderers informs Macbeth that Fleance has escaped. Macbeth gets very upset and goes back to his duties as host. Banquo’s ghost appears at the dinner table. Macbeth sees the ghost and starts panicking even though the ghost is just an illusion from his mind. The manifestation of Macbeth’s guilt worsens and the fact that he was the only one who saw the ghost shows how much he is losing his grip on sanity. The ghost’s appearance is bloody and terrifies Macbeth. This quote from the play Macbeth is showing how much of a guilty person he is. He also says look at the ghost look, look! And the fact that no one sees the ghost makes him look like he is sick. He almost screamed out the secrets that is been hidden, luckily Lady Macbeth covered him and have his back. She convinced the gentleman’s, that he was doing this since he was a kid. At least now people are suspecting something from Macbeth”Prithee, see there! Behold! Look! Lo! How say you!”(3.4.83). Lady Macbeth is asking him, why he is making such weird faces when all he is looking at is an empty stool. People might be thinking that he has gone crazy. From there perspective they think he is sick and bizarre, but from Macbeth perspective he is actually panicking and getting scared because he killed banquo and randomly because of his guiltiness, he saw banquo’s ghost and started talking to it. Lady Macbeth is trying to make this seem as fake as
possible so they don’t suspect a thing from Macbeth, and she is trying to help him recognize his acts that he is doing and make him know that this is reality not a
Dream “Why make such faces? When all’s done/you look but on a stool (3.4.81-82). This just proves that he is not aware when he is hallucinating.
As a result we can see that Macbeth’s hallucination by seeing the floating dagger before murdering Duncan and Banquo’s ghost at the dinner table show that his struggles are more internal with his conscience. We also can see that he talks to himself and hear voices talking to him.
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18-21, M
May 6, 2012