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The Royal And Ancient Game Of Golf

Golf is considered a Scottish game in its origin and history, and this is justified so far. But the word itself is pronounced "gowf" by Scottish native and "goff" gentleman by the player, must be traced to a source Hollandish. The original term is kolf, ie, "club", and a primitive game seems to have been played on grass in the Netherlands for a long time.
During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries had considerable traffic between the ports of the Forth and Tay estuaries in Scotland and the ports of the Netherlands. Indeed, skilled workers were brought from these centers busy to teach Scots uneducated, and several villages are said to have been settled by Flemish artisans. A queen of Scotland, Mary of Guelders, wife of James the second, was a flamenco.

The new game became fashionable as it is played on the banks of the Forth, so a government proclamation was issued at the time of one of the James against excesses in it, to the detriment of profitable work.
The turmoil of the Reformation, with the overwhelming attention given to the church and preaching, was unfavorable to the game's popularity. It remained, however, as "gowf" in several quiet places like Crail, East Neuk of Fife.

It was not until the mid eighteenth century was a golf club formed, and this took place in faraway London, where the London Scottish element has always been strong. This organization was followed by the founding of the Honor Society of Edinburgh Golfers, who played at the west end of the Meadows, an open tube south of the university.

Then was formed in St. Andrews, Fife through, where "gowf" had always survived as the recreation of a citizen, the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews. The "links", sandy meadows located between the cliffs on which is built the old cathedral city and the Eden Estuary, offered a fine of five kilometers toward the game.
The links are suitably fields, formed by the turns of a river. The battle was fought in Banockburn with links Forth, extending south Sterling Castle. Nobles Fife neighbors, like the Haigs, took the game. There was also support from teachers and university students, and townspeople were hereditary golfers.

When Queen Victoria was a child, King William IV was kind enough to give a gold medal to be played annually each September, and thereafter, the game had prestige. It spread to the west of Scotland, and Prestwick, just north of the town of Ayr Burns, which is itself "in a sandy valley spread", organized a golf club, recreation of well-to- men.
Later in the century, the queen's son, Prince Leopold, accepted the position of captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews.

The game continued in a calm in Edinburgh. The ball was now made of leather and stuffed, and, of course, not very far or last long.
But in 1860, with the introduction of the gutta-percha ball, the game took on a new lease on life. It became popular not only in London, but at resorts around the south of England.

For the year 1879, a player of Devonshire, young Molesworth, dared to challenge the famous Scottish champions, young Tom Morris. His father, Old Tom Morris, club and professional manufacturer, was for many decades in the heart of the issues of golf in St. Andrews, highly respected and trusted.
The party goes down in December 1879. I happened to be his third year in college at the time, but was a newcomer, after taking my first and second year of work in Edinburgh, and the great seriousness with which the event is held in the community was a I feel pretty impressed.
The three rounds are played in the afternoon, and young and old turned out to be spectators. To regulate the crowd a rope stretched across the green, and he moved with the players, a common device in places like St. Andrews ... Each blow was followed closely by the spectators, as if the country's honor was at stake.
Molesworth played a good game, but lost to the local champion ...

The other club-making, with his tent on the links, was a worthy citizen named Robert Forgan, whose children have come to prominence in this country. All who are familiar with the Chicago banking Forgan know that brothers have been prominent there for many years ...
If a golfer does not belong to the Golf Club Royal and Ancient St. Andrews, used to take his clubs, either Morris or Forgan golf shop. "Clustered around the door guys eager caddy work or willing to" clean their airns for twopence "- the equivalent of four cents.

The caddy is supposed to give the instruction and carry his bag, was a professional in the embryo. It had its own language, while their tone in the vernacular strangely plaintive Fife. For him, any expression of impatience on the part of a player, when the "baw" was "foozled" or something spoiled the shot was "irrefutable".
Two theologians noted in the old town Principal Tulloch, tall and dignified, and Dr. Boyd, Minister of teh city church, and widely known as an essayist - "AKHB", a lighter and more inquisitive type ...

The club favorite for use with gutta percha ball, which maintained its vogue for forty years, was the Cleek. The great scientist, Peter Guthrie Taft, professor of many years at the University of Edinburgh - a tall, stout - Cleek preferred to any other club, and is used to make the course St. Andrews several times a day armed only with this weapon. His son, Freddy, who fell in the South African War, became one of the best amateur players in the country.
A topic of great interest Professor Tait was the flight of the golf ball. Far off smoothly, you need a corrugated surface to give it a "spin" smooth spheres have no value in driving ...
It was in 1885 that Arthur Balfour, statesman and philosopher, began to play golf, and then became an enthusiast. How many courses has opened south of Tweed is not an easy question to answer ...

With the end of the century was the lack of use of solid gutta percha ball, and replacing it with one of a more buoyant, with a rubber core. The new ball carries much further than the last. Its inventor, Mr. Haskell, brought in the nineties, and in 1903 was finally replaced by another.
At that time the game had become popular in this country. Before the end of the century, the clubs in the Midwest were placing their links, and in a few years the golf habit became universal. The British colonies have not stopped behind, and Australian players are making good records. Golf is now an international sport.
http://www.dipgames.com
timothystills timothystills 26-30, M Nov 9, 2012

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