Magic Mushrooms Have Long Term Positive Benefits

Psilocybin (pronounced SILL-oh-SY-bin), also known as the psychoactive ingredient in 'magic mushrooms,' has been found in a rigorous clinical study to have a long-term positive psychological and behavioral effect on people who take them.

Illegal practically everywhere, scientists said in a new report released today that most subjects who took the psychedelic fungus were still behaving and feeling better as a result 14 months after ingestion. About 2 out of three also noted that the drug caused one of the five most spiritual experiences of their life.

Published on Tuesday, July 1st by the Journal of Psychopharmacology, the study specifically showed that after 14 months since 'dosing,' 61% noted at least a 'moderate' increase in what they classified as 'positive behaviors'-- being more tolerant, compassionate, and sensitive.

64% of patients felt at least a 'moderate increase' in well being and life satisfaction. Namely, they listed increased feelings of self-confidence, optimism, flexibility and creativity. Other results indicated lasting gains in traits like being more sensitive, tolerant, loving and compassionate. While the extended study did not ask for independent evaluations of behavior, the earlier study noted that the participant's social circle corroborated their self-reported changes in behavior.

Magic mushrooms have been traditionally used in religious ceremonies, but are banned in most countries due to fears of recreational abuse. The study took 36 subjects, men and women, and had them either take mushrooms, or the control drug Ritalin (which is known to not cause any positive emotional effects) during two 8 hour stints two months aprt. Earlier results released in 2006 showed positive benefit two months after the test; this study followed up an additional year later.

As would be expected, scientists do not advise people to take psilocybin or other psychedelics on their own. Even in the laboratory, 1 out of 3 people felt terrified under the drug. These feelings could lead to irrational and potentially dangerous behaviors outside of a controlled environment. However, the researchers found this side effect was easily controlled.

Further research could lead to relaxed drug control laws allowing psilocybin to be used to help patients deal with extreme emotional distress-- such as addiction or grief. However, given the tepid response to medical marijuana despite a number of positive clinical trial results (E.g., Sativex for the treatment of spasticity in multiple sclerosis), this is an unlikely outcome.

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Timothy Leary, the "father of psychedelics," conducts his famous interview defending himself against Art Linkletter, who claims his daughter died as a result of LSD (and by extension Leary)...

Previous Studies:

In the United States, an FDA-approved study supported by Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) began in 2001 to study the effects of psilocybin on patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. In 2006, the MAPS study found psilocybin effective in relieving obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms, in some cases for more than a few days.

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More about Psilocybin:

Psilocybin is absorbed through the lining of the mouth and stomach. Effects begin 10–40 minutes after ingestion of psilocybin-containing mushrooms, and last from 2–6 hours depending on dose, species, and individual metabolism. A typical recreational dosage is from 10–50 mg psilocybin.

The effects of psilocybin are highly variable, and dependent on the current mood and overall sense of well-being by the individual. Initially the subject may begin to feel somewhat disorientated, lethargic, and euphoric or sometimes depressed. At low doses, hallucinatory effects may occur, including enhancement of colors and the animation of geometric shapes. Closed-eye visuals may occur, where the affected individual may see multi-coloured geometric shapes and vivid imaginative sequences. At higher doses, hallucinatory effects increase and experiences tend to be less social and more introspective. Open-eye visuals are more common, and may be very detailed although rarely confused with reality.

Users having a pleasant experience may feel ecstatic, including a deep sense of connection to others, confusion, hilarity, and a general feeling of connection to nature and the universe. Difficult experiences or bad trips may occur in some individuals, often when consumed during emotional turmoil, in a non-supportive or inadequate environment, by an inexperienced person, or in an unexpectedly high dose. Latent psychological issues may be triggered by the strong emotional components of the experience.

Some of these individuals report that they have experienced a 'spiritual' episode. For example, in the Marsh Chapel Experiment, which was run by a graduate student at Harvard Divinity School under the supervision of Tim Leary, almost all of the graduate degree divinit student volunteers who received psilocybin reported profound religious experiences.

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Legality:

Psilocybin and its derivative psilocin are listed as Schedule I drugs under the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Schedule I drugs are illicit drugs that are claimed to have no known therapeutic benefit. Parties to the treaty are required to restrict use of the drug to medical and scientific research under strictly controlled conditions. Civilian possession and use of psilocybin and psilocin is prohibited under almost all circumstances, and often carries severe legal penalties.

Further Study Details:

Here are some snippets directly from the study:

When administered under supportive conditions, psilocybin occasioned experiences similar to spontaneously occurring mystical experiences that, over a year later, were considered by volunteers to be among the most personally meaningful and spiritually significant experiences of their lives and to have produced positive changes in attitudes, mood, altruism, behaviour and life satisfaction. In addition to possible therapeutic applications, the ability to prospectively produce mystical-type experiences should permit rigorous scientific investigations about their causes and consequences, and may provide novel information about the biological bases of moral and religious behaviour.

Participants were recruited through flyers announcing a study of states of consciousness brought about by a naturally occurring psychoactive substance used sacramentally in some cultures. The 36 study participants were medically and psychiatrically healthy and without histories of hallucinogen use. Sixteen participants were males. Participants had an average age of 46 years (range 24-64); 97% were college graduates and 56% had post-graduate degrees. All were employed full- or part-time. Fifty-three per cent indicated affiliation with a religious or spiritual community, such as a church, synagogue or meditation group. All volunteers indicated at least intermittent participation in religious or spiritual activities, such as religious services, prayer, meditation or study groups.

A limit to the generality of the study is that all of the participants reported at least intermittent participation in religious or spiritual activities before the study. It is plausible that such interests increased the likelihood that the psilocybin experience would be interpreted as having substantial spiritual significance and personal meaning. A systematic replication of the study comparing groups having different levels of spiritual/religious dispositions or interests could be informative.

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Credits:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psilocybin

 

videodemon videodemon
26-30, M
11 Responses Jul 1, 2008

Open eye visuals are more common than closed eye? I've seen/heard/experienced the opposite dozens of times. Can som ebody send me a link/source or just educate me?

if this is about shrooms, It was amazing and ive been more of a sensitive empathetic person..Everything came to surface..It was amazing but won't do again

ya, I don't like salvia very much. Gives you a dirty feeling high... Mushrooms really are fantastic though. Especially with 3 people total who are already pretty close. It's a bonding experience. Also great in a foresty setting

My colleagues and I have just concluded one of India's most in-depth studies on "Clinical Trials in India". We have looked at various areas such as:<br />
- Market Trends<br />
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We interviewed over 200 individuals and firms to collect the data in what we believe is one of the most detailed study on the subject in India. If you are interested in a copy, you may email me at infoalcpl@gmail.com. It is a paid report.<br />
<br />
Ashritha<br />
infoalcpl@gmail.com

People daily yet pot and mushrooms of which many or most userS are very self aware and learn that moderation is the key to life

I have also found profound experiences on mush they along with marijuana and the odd beer can be a tremendously moving escapde. I suggest watching a movie called the union: the business behind getting high. I have done many different drugs and mushrooms along with marijuana are not anywhere near the level of say cocaine or methamphetamines it is totally illogicAl that that are illegal. We, of the recreAtional drug using community, need to organize and get our facts straight and go talk with everyone you know. Be honest open and intelligent. The close minded ***** in power have to listen to us. All it will take us making our voices heard in a big way. Be open with your family and friends. Now I'm not saying run down the street proclaiming it but raise awareness in those with preconceived notions that they cause physical or mental problems. Take your pick obesity cigarettes booze religion. Every one of those kill countless prop

When you eat them regularly, at least every weekend for about two months, they will change their effect on you. It seems that as your mind adjusts over time you can begin to have a different more focused and meaningful experiences. IMO<br />
<br />
the mushroom is our ally

I don't know if I want to do this. And develop an immunity to the potency.
Traditionally these boomers were ceremonially respected.
But, if you can maintain the respect in a weekly schedule. Do your thing.
I'll do mine

i have eaten them as well. no regrets. i love the sky

i find that the epiphanies you get on mushrooms are amazing.<br />
the trip makes (not helps) you see the big picture.<br />
you dont always remember how you felt or the realizations that you have, but when you do, it pays off because it opens your eyes.

"the trip makes (not helps) you see the big picture"

The difference between the psychedelic journey from the religious one.
Terence Mckenna shared this message

I agree..we are repressed.

Well... i dream about day when most people would understand what is good and what is bad for them... a day when our governments & religions allow as to learn and understand the world...<br />
<br />
well, but this day fill not come i am afraid :)