This Should Be Tought In Schools


Child Abuse is Cowardice!

Reported incidents of child se xual abuse are markedly on the rise.

What is especially shocking is the fact that these reports represent only a small portion of

actual occurrences of se xual abuse.

In cest affects individuals and families regardless of class,

income, profession, religion or race.

The statistics are truly alarming. It is currently estimated that one-third of all children are se x ually abused before the age of 18.

This includes 40% of all females and 30% of all males. The vast majority of these reports involve very young children, below age seven.

Every year in this country, two million children are brutally beaten or se xually abused.

340,000 new cases were reported in 1989 (U.S. Advisory Board, April, 1991).

Of these abused children, 3,000 to 5,000 die every year. In New York State alone,

200 bodies of se

xually and physically abused children are found each year and not even identified. These are the ultimate victims.

Children who are neglected or sex ually abused are known to have lower IQs and an

increased risk of depression, suicide and drug problems. Abused children are 53% more likely to

be arrested as juveniles, and 38% more likely to be arrested for a violent crime. During preschool years,

abused children are more likely to get angry, refuse direction from teachers, and lack

enthusiasm. By the time they reach grade school, they

are more prone to being easily distracted, lacking in self-control, and not well-liked by peers.

Source: SEX UAL ABUSE: SURVIVING THE PAIN Barbara E. Bogorad, Psy.D, A.B.P.P.


The United Nations estimates that at least

1 million boys and girls are forced or coerced into the se x trade every year.

This increases with the arrival of wealthy overseas tourists, compounding existing problems of

poverty and disease. HIV infection rates among child prostitutes in Thailand, for example, are thought to be up to 75 per cent. (Source:The Japan Times, 25 May 2001)

Child Abuse is Cowardice!


There is never an excuse to hurt a child!!!!


What do we owe our children?

Philosophical Tenets of Child Protection

Principles of Child Protection


Types of Child Abuse

Child Abuse and Neglect Defined in Federal Law

Major Types of Child Abuse and Neglect Defined


Physical Abuse

Se xual Abuse

Emotional Abuse

Hansel and Gretel -A story of Child neglect and abuse

Se xual Abuse



Symptoms of se xual abuse

Keeping children safe

Long-term effects of child se xual abuse

Physical Abuse - Battered Child Syndrome

Causes, incidence, and risk factors


Signs and tests

Treatment of Physical injuries

Snow White- A story of multiple child murder attempts

Lethal Child Abuse

Statistics and Interventions

Which Children Are Most Vulnerable

How Deaths Occur


Community Response

Child Fatality Prevention

Sedna - A story of a murdered child

Vulnerable Populations

Risk factors

Parent factors

Sociocultural factors

Environmental factors

Child factors.

Incidence of Disabled Child Abuse

The Girl without Hands - A story of child prostitution and mutilation

Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

Health and Physical Effects

Cognitive Development and Academic Achievement

Emotional, Psychosocial, and Behavioral Development



Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment

on Early Brain Development

How the Brain Develops

Effects of Maltreatment on Brain Development

Implications for Practice and Policy

Summary and Research Recommendations


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Children and Adolescents

Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect

Physical Health Consequences

Psychological Consequences

Behavioral Consequences

Societal Consequences


Signs of Child Abuse

Recognizing Child Abuse

Child and Parent Behavior

Signs of Physical Abuse

Signs of Neglect

Signs of Se xual Abuse

Signs of Emotional Maltreatment

Child Abuse Reporting

Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Hotlines

How to Complete the Child Abuse Report Form

What Happens After a Report is Made


Treatment Of Child Sexual Abuse

Case Management Considerations

Causal Models of Sexual Abuse

Treatment Modalities

Treatment Issues

Counseling Abused Children


Child Se xual Abuse: What It Is and How To Prevent It

Prevention as a Strategy

Types of Prevention Activities

Major Prevention Program Models

Role of Various Entities in Prevention Efforts

Prevention - Internet Child Abuse

Prevention - Worldwide Se xual Exploitation of Children

Toll-Free Crisis Hotline Numbers Resource Listing





What do we owe our children?

  • Safety. All children have the right to live in an environment free from abuse and neglect. The safety of children is the paramount concern that must guide child protection efforts.

  • Permanency. Children need a family and a permanent place to call home. A sense of continuity and connectedness is central to a child's healthy development.

  • Child and family well-being. Children deserve nurturing environments in which their physical, emotional, educational, and social needs are met. Child protection practices must take into account each child's needs and should promote healthy development. (National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.)




Types of Child Abuse


Child Maltreatment, child abuse, child neglect, physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, Maltrato de Menores, abuso de menores, negligencia de menores, abuso fisico, negligencia,  abuso sexual

What is Child Abuse and Neglect?

Year Published: 2004

How is Child Abuse and Neglect Defined in Federal Law?

Federal legislation provides a foundation for States by identifying a minimum set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), (42 U.S.C.A. ¤5106g), as amended by the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum:

  • Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or

  • An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.

What Are the Major Types of Child Abuse and Neglect?

Within the minimum standards set by CAPTA, each State is responsible for providing its own definitions of child abuse and neglect 1. Most States recognize four major types of maltreatment: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. Although any of the forms of child maltreatment may be found separately, they often occur in combination.

The examples provided below are for general informational purposes only. Not all States' definitions will include all of the examples listed below, and individual States' definitions may cover additional situations not mentioned here.


Neglect is failure to provide for a child's basic needs. Neglect may be:

  • Physical (e.g., failure to provide necessary food or shelter, or lack of appropriate supervision)

  • Medical (e.g., failure to provide necessary medical or mental health treatment)2

  • Educational (e.g., failure to educate a child or attend to special education needs)

  • Emotional (e.g., inattention to a child's emotional needs, failure to provide psychological care, or permitting the child to use alcohol or other drugs)


These situations do not always mean a child is neglected. Sometimes cultural values, the standards of care in the community, and poverty may be contributing factors, indicating the family is in need of information or assistance. When a family fails to use information and resources, and the child's health or safety is at risk, then child welfare intervention may be required.

Physical Abuse is physical injury (ranging from minor bruises to severe fractures or death) as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting (with a hand, stick, strap, or other object), burning, or otherwise harming a child. Such injury is considered abuse regardless of whether the caretaker intended to hurt the child.

Se xual Abuse includes activities by a parent or caretaker such as fondling a child's genitals, penetration, ******, r ape, so domy, indecent exposure, and exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.3

Emotional Abuse is a pattern of behavior that impairs a child's emotional development or sense of self-worth. This may include constant criticism, threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance. Emotional abuse is often difficult to prove and, therefore, CPS may not be able to intervene without evidence of harm to the child. Emotional abuse is almost always present when other forms are identified.


Child Maltreatment 2001: Summary of Key Findings

Summarizes national child abuse statistics regarding investigations of child abuse and neglect, victims of maltreatment, perpetrators, fatalities, and services.

How Does the Child Welfare System Work?

A brief overview of the purposes and functions of the child welfare system from a national perspective.

Legal Issues and Laws

Information about legal aspects of child abuse and neglect from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.

Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms

Lists general signs that may signal the presence of child abuse or neglect, as well as signs associated with specific types of abuse.


1 See Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect, from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect State Statutes Series. back

2 Withholding of medically indicated treatment is defined by CAPTA as "the failure to respond to the infant's life threatening conditions by providing treatment (including appropriate nutrition, hydration, and medication) that in the treating physician's or physicians' reasonable medical judgment, will be most likely to be effective in ameliorating or correcting all such conditions." CAPTA does note a few exceptions, including infants who are "chronically and irreversibly comatose"; situations when providing treatment would not save the infant's life but merely prolong dying; or when "the provision of such treatment would be virtually futile in terms of the survival of the infant and the treatment itself under such circumstances would be inhumane." back

3Sexual abuse is defined by CAPTA as "the employment, use, persuasion, inducement, enticement, or coercion of any child to engage in, or assist any other person to engage in, any se xually explicit conduct or simulation of such conduct for the purpose of producing a visual depiction of such conduct; or the rape, and in cases of caretaker or inter-familial relationships, statutory rape, molestation, prostitution, or other form of sexual exploitation of children, or in cest with children." back


This material may be freely reproduced and distributed. However, when doing so, please credit the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.


A Service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families,

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

For more information, contact:

National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information

330 C Street, SW

Washington, DC 20447

Phone: (800) 394-3366 or (703) 385-7565

Fax: (703) 385-3206







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intervention strategies

community resources,

developmental factors,


treatment regarding

child abuse





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Many of our courses contain case material, and may use the methods of qualitative research and analysis, in-depth interviews and ethnographic studies. The psychotherapeutic techniques depicted may include play therapy, sandplay therapy, dream analysis, drawing analysis, client and therapist self-report, etc. The materials presented may be considered non-traditional and may be controversial, and may not have widespread endorsement within the profession. maintains responsibility for the program and its content.





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